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Cracking the Safe: Locked-Boxes Demystified

An important part of many deals is the agreement on what is referred to as Free Cash (or surplus or excess cash). In simple terms, this is the value of the cash held in the business at completion that can be added to the sale price for the seller's benefit. In the UK, we can often add this Free Cash to the overall deal value in a way that it is effectively extracted by the sellers at their marginal Capital Gains tax rate, although this requires careful tax planning and advice.

There are some related articles on this. Please see Extracting Free Cash and What Working Capital Is Not! in particular.


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